Wednesday, January 22, 2020

Focus magazine :: essays research papers

History of The Company LIBERIS PUBLICATIONS S.A. was founded in its current legal status on the 2.6.1986 (Official Gazette 2324/11.6.86 S.A.s and LTDs Issue) by Antonios Liberis, with the goal of becoming involved in the sector of publications and presswork. In the course of all these years, the company has had a spectacular development, dynamically moving in the sector of publications, launching new and successful magazines that conquered the top ranks amongst their competitors. In addition, by concluding strategic alliances with large foreign companies of the sector, the most noteworthy of which being the participation of the Groupe Edipresse, the Swiss publishing group in the share capital of the company since 1998, and by founding or acquiring shares in new or well-established companies in this market, this company has fortified it position in the Greek publishing market and now expands its activities in new sectors. Today, it is one of the largest publishing companies in Greece, chartered in the stock exchange and heading a group of 2 companies (Mother company and Libecom S.A.). This group employs in total approximately 400 employees, with activities covering a broad spectrum in the media field, from the publishing sector - where it holds a leading position with 24 publications in the Greek market. In addition, the company holds 50% of DESMI PUBLISHING S.A., a company with experience in the field of publications and 10.05% of the daily and periodic press distribution company ARGOS S.A. In March 2000, the second international collaboration of LIBERIS PUBLICATIONS with GRUNER UND JAHR/MONDADORI publishing houses was put into effect with the publication of the scientific magazine FOCUS. This magazine aspires to make the reader become more involved in issues of science, technology, the environment, as well as historical issues. The way, in which all the topics are presented, in conjunction with impressive graphics and photos, has made this magazine not only impressive, but also easy to understand. Environmental analysis Marketing environment Doing a brief environmental analysis we have to examine the 6 basic forces that affect the environment  ·Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Political forces Due to the fact that the specific magazine doesn’t have any political articles with the only exception towards its tendency to protect the environment is not affected by political forces in Greece.  ·Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Legal forces There aren’t any real limitations that affect this specific magazine especially due to the fact that European legislation is currently stronger than the national one as we observed after the last periods legal adventures

Tuesday, January 14, 2020

Employee Resourcing Essay

Edwards, Scott and Raju (p. 71, 2003) have defined the term recruitment as â€Å"organizational practices and policies developed for the primary purpose of motivating applicants to apply, remain in the candidate pool, and accept offers. † Recruitment has been traditionally considered to have a minor role in the hiring process. Earlier the term recruitment to the hiring managers was primarily a means to indentify and use the sources, for instance the print media, which would give the maximum output in terms of applications from promising candidates. The importance of recruitment has increased multi-fold in recent times. This has been due to trends in 1990s like the changes in market which has necessitated a need for a large work force of specialized labors, and the internet which has given a wide platform for both the recruiters and job searchers to come in contact with each other (Edwards, Scott and Raju, p. 71, 2003). As a result of these trends the organizations have come to a scenario that not many people might apply when a job is posted. Even when the organization has selected a candidate it can no longer be assumed that they would be accepting these offers. Hence, there is an increasing awareness among people who take care of a company’s recruitment that the process covers far more than merely looking out for sources where the advertisements for job openings are to be put. This report gives an overview of the recruitment trends and selection practices in recent times in UK, the factors impacting these trends and selection practices in the country. Recruitment trends in UK in recent times The recruitment practices of organizations in UK have seen a drastic change in the recent times. Various practices and conditions are seen to exist in the organizations these days, which were not present a few decades ago like provision of creches, job-sharing, part-time work, and home-working. There is also a lot of stress on gender equality by the various companies. For instance, banks are seen to be the pioneers in devising various schemes to hire and retain women. Another of these trends is also to review policies such as those which used to encourage early retirement based on various conditions (Hendry, p. 42, 1995). There have been some additional schemes like performance related pays, which brought about the appraisal management system to fore. The trends for various organizations in UK is to use systems like the 360 feedback system for performance related pays, to motivate their employees so that they stay and work with the company and see this translated to an increase in the pay packages (Anderson, p. 130, 2005). Internet boom has been seen to impact all the aspects of businesses. Recruitment is no exception, and has seen a major change in the way companies recruit people. The trend to adopt internet as a means to recruit people, has also seen in face of the increasing number of companies looking to recruit people. The ease of finding people has increased as the companies can now access databases of people living in far off places in a short time. The online recruitment activity in UK increased by 30% for August 2007, from last year August 2006 (Monster, p. 1, 2007) For the managerial vacancies, the trend is that the vacancies are filled from the internal labor market while the senior management positions are as likely filled internally as externally. This trend means that on the supply side there has been an increase in new entrants in the labor market while on the demand side the organizations have a need for new managerial recruits. Selection Practices in UK in recent times Swift and Robertson (2000) cite several surveys conducted for selection practices to point out that the employers use a wide range of selection techniques depending upon the type of jobs for which the people are being recruited. They also said that the survey showed that no one method for selection was used as a standardized or stand-alone technique in small, middle, and even large sized corporations. The most used current selection practices were found to be application forms, interviews with single interviewer, panel interviewers, personality tests, references, ability tests, selection centers, CVs, and group selection centers. Despite the many reports of unreliability and invalidity, traditional selection methods of interview, application form and references are the most popular selection practices used. Of these, personal interviews are considered to be the most widely criticized method of selection, and the third most popular toll behind reference checking and application forms. The more sophisticated techniques like the assignment centers and psychological testing are relatively less used in UK. Though there has been a rise in the number of psychometric tests used by large sized corporations while selecting new recruits, the traditional methods are still the most common tools for selection (Brewster, Mayrhofer and Morley, p. 60, 2004). Brewster, Mayrhofer and Morley (2004) also point out that there has been a rise in the flexible working practices in UK, in particular the non-standard contracts. There has been a rise in flexible contracts related to salary packages like sharing profits, introduction of performance incentive and also flexibility in the working hours. Changing environment in UK in the last few decades Organizations in UK faced the impact of the economic changes that occurred in 1980s through the 1990s. There were changes in the economic environment, labor law, government labor market policy, demographic changes and also the political climate, all of which had an impact on the organizations and hence their personnel management policies. There was a severe recession of 1980-81, followed by a period of growth till the early 1990s and again a slump in the last quarter of 1990s when the economic growth ceased (Hendry, p. 23, 1995). Due to the recession in the country there was a need for bringing in more foreign currency, hence imports became cheaper and foreign firms were drawn to the UK market. All of these brought about a collapse in the manufacturing sector which could not keep up with the measures taken by the government to bring up the recession. The industries began to restructure and this brought about the internationalization of various firms due to acquisitions and mergers (Hendry, p. 25, 1995). The trend for internationalization was present in UK but was chiefly restricted to Europe both in terms of trade and movement of capital. But the 1980s and 1990s saw the companies expand overseas in other countries to explore newer market and / or use cheaper labor due to the inherently tight labor market (Hendry, p. 27, 1995). There were other changes for instance the demographic and social changes brought about by the education system, which meant that more people were trained in higher education, and hence the labor force fell sharply through the 1980s. However, the proportion of women entering the labor market started to rise. Politically too UK saw marked changes as the Thatcher government gave way to new governments and different work related policies as well as the overall policies (Hendry, p. 40, 1995). Effects of External Environment on Labor Markets All the changes in the UK environment affected the personnel management practices by the organizations. The section above gave a brief on some of the major environment changes while this section would be giving the impact of the changes on the labor market and the next section would give the corresponding consequences in the recruitment and selection process. The collapse of the industrial segment in UK had far reaching impacts on the labor market. There was large scale unemployment which was well over 3 million for almost five years, with large regional imbalances. There were forced redundancies and many of the units were closed down. This made the companies look out for increased measures in productivity by using flexible working practices. This also led to the sharp demarcations between the various levels of employees. The slump led to internationalization in two ways. First the people in the middle class who were traditionally the labors increasingly sent their offspring to universities for higher studies. This led to an increase in the number of people qualified tor white collar and professional jobs, and the number of labors decreased. Organizations in UK hence started looking to countries in Asia and Africa for filling this labor gap. There were also direct acquisitions which led to foreign companies acquiring stakes in UK companies, which led to internationalization. The internationalization brought people from different cultures in contact with each other on regular basis. This meant that the people needed to be culturally conditioned to blend in easily with the increasingly changing work environment. The increase in the number of women in the industry at various levels brought about massive changes in the working culture of the organizations. There were issues like employee safety and newer incentives were introduced to attract employees like facilities of creches, providing pick-up and drop facilities. Effects of External Environment on Recruitment Process The labor market in UK has traditionally being tight due to the reasons outlined above. The market was affected due to two important events foot-and-mouth disease and 9/11 crisis. These events brought about crisis in the financial markets, a fall in tourism and other related activities, thus increasing the unemployment. However, in spite of these changes the labor market remains a challenge for recruiters in terms of recruitment and selection (Brewster, Mayrhofer and Morley, p. 48, 2004). The recruiters need to attract people to work in their organizations, which is the first important step. The second step is to follow a rigid but effective selection process which would ensure that the right people have been selected to work in the company. Recruitment and selection process are seen to be the most important functions of Human Resource Management process. This is because an effective recruitment and selection process ensures an efficient labor force while a poor one might have negative effects to the company’s productivity which are long lasting. The companies prefer that their employees are sources both internally and externally, so that the internal employees are motivated and fresh blood is brought into the company which is necessary for innovation. The rise in technology especially the internet has seen to it that the companies can have a diverse work force. The large companies have also used software technologies to use databases to keep track of their employees for checking their performance levels which would air the process of internal recruitment. UK companies traditionally preferred to fill their positions internally especially for managerial recruitments, though this is changing in the face of internationalization. Various organizations are also seen to improve the process of re-training and provide attractive incentives like performance related packages for recruiting and retaining employees (Brewster, Mayrhofer and Morley, p. 0, 2004). Effects of External Environment on Selection Process After potential candidates apply for the position, the selection process must ensure that the most promising candidates are selected for the positions. This is again a challenge to the recruiters because of the increasing stress laid on the employees to excel not only in their job but also added skills like team-spirit and adapting to change. Many of the positions require that the candidate must be comfortable for working in newer locations, which was traditionally limited to people in the sales and marketing department. In addition, the potential candidates must also be abreast with the fast changing technological environment, and be able to cope up with it. All these must be the elements of the selection process, which means a high burden for people designing the process to ensure only the right candidates, are selected (Brewster, Mayrhofer and Morley, p. 60, 2004). As is already mentioned above, personal interview though is the most criticized, is still the most preferred by recruiters in UK. The reason for this is probably the importance the company people give to personal judgment. With the increasing number of people coming from different regions and countries, references and applications are considered to be the most important tools in the selection process. The reference checking is done with due diligence and the responses are always recorded. In many cases, the companies also go in for reference checking by employing private agencies to check up on the potential candidate. Application forms are of course the necessary input for any further steps in the selection process (Brewster, Mayrhofer and Morley, p. 60, 2004).

Monday, January 6, 2020

A Brief Note On Modern Standing Of Sustainability

2. Modern Standing Of Sustainability In the most countries the using of energy and emissions of CO2 are the biggest driver for the buildings. About 160 million building are in the EU are estimated for using more than 40% of the energy in Europe and push more than 40% of emissions carbon dioxide. The US Energy Information Administration pointed to the share of the energy and the emissions of the greenhouse gas (GHG) that connected with building it is bigger in US and the total emissions amount to 48%. In many developing countries, the emission from buildings and the percent of the total emission have increased constantly over the last 50 years. The increasing in the energy of the devices that are been used inside the buildings and the big†¦show more content†¦Lowering the energy and GHG effect in both the existing and the new buildings represents and therefore the main challenge and a chance to treat global warming. The companies of ICT has build and operate facilities which can be demand a big amounts of energy and material consumption in all stages of the life cycle. The increasing in the effective of the energy always main goal for the ICT companies and can start with facilities themselves. There are many plans that are adopted by worldwide which is can be lead to the more sustainable design, building and operation of buildings. 2.1 Definition of Sustainability The sustainability consists of three main basics like stool, each leg presents ecosystem, economy and society. If any leg is missing from the sustainability stool it will cause destabilization, because the society, the economy and the ecosystem are complex and connected to each other. (Young, 1997). This requires for meeting the four key objectives in the whole world at the same time (W.M. Adamsm2008(: 1. The social progress that admitted the needs for everyone. 2. The efficient protection to the environment. 3. The rational use to the natural resources. 4. The maintenance to the high and stable levels for the economic growth and the chance of employment. Sustainability appears that the critical activities of the institution of the higher education (at minimum) sound ecologically, socially and viable

Sunday, December 29, 2019

The Carnage Of The Indians - 1575 Words

â€Å"Indeed, so bombarded are most Americans with the unexamined ideology of â€Å"worthy† and â€Å"unworthy† victims . . .† (26) Genocides, such as that of the Amerindians, show this grotesque train of thought in human beings. The dehumanization and murder of the Native Americans was nothing more than an action made by the Europeans to show their superiority they believed they possessed. Throughout history, this behavior can be seen in many tyrannical communities, such as those that ruled over the â€Å"Armenians, Jews, Gypsies, Tbos, Bengalis, Timorese, Cambodians, Ugandans, and others.† (4) Although many people argue that a variety of diseases killed the unexposed Indians, it is proven that mass murders killed off a majority of native people. David E. Stannard defends this argument by giving samples of evidence that suggest that the carnage of the Indians reflects very similarly with the holocaust of the Jewish people in Nazi Germany. Stannard brings up valid justification to his argument by comparing the two acts of cruelty. Stannard shows the similarities of labor for the Jews and Indians by giving an example of the strenuous work both were demanded to do. â€Å"In both cases, from the so-called silver mountain of Potosi in the sixteenth-century Andes to the synthetic rubber factory of Auschwitz in the 1940’s, the slave drivers calculated that it was cheaper to work people to death by the tens of thousands and then replace them than it was to maintain and feed a permanent captive laborShow MoreRelatedAmerican History in the book White Devil Essay1233 Words   |  5 Pagesbook into a few paragraphs doesnt due it the justice it deserves. The beginning details of the French and Indian War. The battles and skirmishes. The massacre that led to Rogers raid. Two years later Major Robert Rogers led a revenge raid against the Indians some 200 wilderness miles behind the lines. His long journey took him to Canada and to the village of St. Francis. The carnage at St. Francis deserves a brunt of the detail. It was now good marching ground and the men pressed on withRead MoreThe Relationship Between Powhatan Indians And The New World1114 Words   |  5 Pagesthe realm of the Powhatan Indians. The colonists then built and successfully established Jamestown (present-day Jamestown Island, Virginia). Upon their arrival, the English met the Powhatan, and the two built a healthy liaison. However, the relationship between the Powhatan and the English colonists fluctuated as time progressed, from cordial, to an uneasy peace, and inevitable violence and war. When the colonists first established Jamestown, they met the Powhatan Indians and befriended them. ThroughoutRead MoreThe Rise and Fall of the Mauryan Empire785 Words   |  4 PagesChandragupta Maurya founded the Mauryan Empire by overthrowing the Nanda dynasty. In some ways Chandragupta rise to power was inspired by Alexander the Great. As a young man, he had seen the Macedonian army and believed that anything a European could do an Indian could do better, he decided to raise and train an army in a similar fashion. With this army, Chandragupta conquered the Nanda throne and took over the Nanda Dynasty. He continued to expand his power across central and western India. His empireRead MoreForeshadowing in Three Dirges Essay1098 Words   |  5 Pageswith melancholy foreshadowing, leaves the reader at a suspenseful crossroad; suspecting that events are transpiring, but doubtful as to the outcome. The element of foreshadowing is exemplified early in the passage with the visual description of the Indian skyrocket. Was the skyrocket, with its orange and yellow star-burst and streaking gray tail, a warning? Perhaps the skyrocket was a portend of a horrendous attrocity about to occur. Certainly, the resounding echo and brilliance of the skyrocket wouldRead MoreAnalysis Of Colin Calloway s The Essay1328 Words   |  6 Pageswords, documents, and designs that show force stories about the simple Indians in the 1800 s. His intro simply has exactly the correct level of knowledge and connects primary issues and events to the papers given in the book. In summary, a standard of how an intro should be made. The Our hearts fell to the ground book it simple Indians opinions on how the West was lost. It presents us with the original viewpoints of Indian tribes who existed through those periods of appearance and absorption. FromRead MoreImmanuel Kant And John Stuart Mill1206 Words   |  5 Pagesperson’s action is not judged by its outcome, but the person’s maxim. In regards to Jim’s predicament, Kant would advise Jim to not take an Indian’s life, nor would he advise him to threaten Captain Pedro and his soldiers. This would result with the Indians being slaughtered by the soldiers. Even though Jim wants to help and would gain happiness by saving the lives of the indigenous people in South America, according to Kant’s principles it would not be morally good. By following duty, a person utilizesRead MoreForeshadowing In Three Dirges Essays1100 Words   |  5 Pageswith melancholy foreshadowing, leaves the reader at a suspenseful crossroad; suspecting that events are transpiring, but doubtful as to the outcome. The element of foreshadowing is exemplified early in the passage with the visual description of the Indian skyrocket. Was the skyrocket, with its orange and yellow star-burst and streaking gray tail, a warning? Perhaps the skyrocket was a portend of a horrendous attrocity about to occur. Certainly, the resounding echo and brilliance of the skyrocket wouldRead MoreEssay on The Religious Conflict in South Asia1095 Words   |  5 Pageslook at possible reasons for the continuing conflict which appears to have escalated since the withdrawal of British Rule from India. Multiple events had shaped the Indian subcontinent with regards to Hindu and Muslim relations. In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries the Mughal rule over the Indian subcontinent witnessed Hindus and Muslims living in relative harmony. The Hindu and Islam culture could not have been more different, with their contrasting notions, of GodRead MoreGandhi s Impact On World History1470 Words   |  6 PagesMohandas Gandhi was a civil rights activist in the early 19th century who wanted to separate British rule from India, and give opportunities that all Indian people deserved. As a leader, Gandhi revolutionized the country of India by creating a New Order through peaceful protest and demands through his writings and speeches given in front of India’s people. His voice and actions allowed people to be able to speak up and voice their own opinion. Gandhi’s beliefs such as civil disobedience and thatRead MoreThe Battle Of Tippecanoe By William Henry Harrison1257 Words   |  6 PagesGeneral William Henry Harrison. The Native Americans had been led by Tecumseh, a Shawnee Indian Chief. The Battle of Tippecanoe was a controversial battle which the Natives Americans started, and ultimately, lost. Tecumseh was a Shawnee Indian chief who had been born around 1768 near Springfield, Ohio. During the early 1800s, he started to oppose the United States, and attempted to create a confederation of Indian Tribes to rebel against the United States. One of the main reasons Tecumseh opposed

Saturday, December 21, 2019

Problems Facing Supply Chain Management - 1336 Words

Problems faced in optimizing supply chain management Supply chain management is the integration of suppliers, producers and warehouses in a business model by the process of transforming raw materials into finished goods and then delivering this to the end consumer. This is a very broad topic that needs a lot of planning, design and control to maximize a company’s total profit, and yet guaranteeing a good and satisfactory service level. Supply chain management is said to only help optimize a company, but it is actually much more than that, this is a great asset for leveraging worldwide logistics, synchronizing supply and demand and measuring performance globally. In other words, Supply chain management is really helping globalization by making a lot of product get to a different parts of the world with a much shorter supply chain. The supply chain is a great invention that have helped the world a lot, but the bad part is that it is really complex. To make a perfect supply chain management is almost impossible because of all the changing variables and different problems that are faced in it. During these essay, some of the main supply chain management problems are going to be discussed. The best way to explain all of these problems and complications that happen in a supply chain is by giving an example of a company. In this case, we will use an example of a soda company in Panama. This company has two production plants that make the same kind of soda. Then the sodas willShow MoreRelatedRubber Company1252 Words   |  6 PagesCEO? The main challenges faced by Atlas’ were competitive and financial challenges. As for the first time from 1905 the company was facing losses for consecutive 2 years in row as the company was facing a severe downturn. This was all because of the new challenges, which the company was facing due to their growth and expansion policies The company was also facing the competitive challenges from the low prices import products which were affecting their price strategy resulting in low profits, heavyRead MoreLean The Lean Supply Chain Management1552 Words   |  7 PagesLean Management Approach In modern day world, organizations are facing a myriad of challenges. They are facing increasing and continually changing demands by customers, keen and knowledgeable competitors who seize every opportunity that comes their way, and a reduction of the resource base owing to increase spending. Most organizations, therefore, are seeking to increase customer satisfaction, reduce operational costs of doing business, and change their research strategy to improve their know-howRead MoreCase Study : The Club Wars1170 Words   |  5 PagesSam’s Club and Costco. The target of the companies was to offer the lowest possible prices of supply chain and best deals on the products to their members. Objective The main objective of this case study is to help and analyse the current inefficiencies of Sam’s Club and provide the suggestions and ways to Mr Jim who is going to rearrange his team to get best of the Sam’s Club and formulate the supply chain strategies to maintain the lowest possible cost of merchandise to offer to members. Case studyRead MoreWal Mart s Supply Chain Management Essay1510 Words   |  7 Pages WAL-MART’S SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES Praseeda Sasanka Pisipati NUID :94862513 Table of Contents: Introduction†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦3 A Brief History of Supply Chain Management (SCM)†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦....4 How Supply chain management influenced the retail business †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..5 Gartner hype cycle and scope of SCM trends†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.7 Supply Chain Management in the Gartner hype cycle†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Read MoreSupply Chain1144 Words   |  5 PagesEconomics (FBE) Supply Chain Management Application amp; Strategy CASE 1 : Supply chain challenges at Leapfrog SCML 460: Supply Chain Management Application amp; Strategy Context: Introduction †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. page 3 Questions †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. page 3 Conclusion †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. page 5 References †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ page 6 Introduction: Our case study is about Supply Chain Challenges at LEAPFROG. The term supply chain conjures up imagesRead MoreThe Fundamental Elements Of Toyota Company1641 Words   |  7 PagesExecutive Summary The article delves on the three fundamental elements of Toyota Company. These include its supply chain management, inventory management and operation management. In each item, it discusses the faced by each and provides appropriate measures that should be employed to make such process a success in the company s operations. A company that is using the three elements appropriately makes its operations easy alongside improving its chances profit making. Therefore, such items are significantRead MoreSupply Chain Management And The Core Business Of All Enterprises901 Words   |  4 PagesSupply Chain Management Nowadays, in order to succeed in business market, instead of just focusing in their own management strategies, all organizations need to pay attention to other suppliers’ activities and customers’ demand. Since the global competitiveness is getting more and more intensive and the level of customers’ expectation is higher, every single business needs to concentrate and invest much more in its supply chain system. The reason is that the potential value of the supply chain isRead MoreGeneral Motors Supply Chain Essay1574 Words   |  7 Pagesmarket has been experiencing fluctuations due to many reasons including: price, quality and foreign competition. General Motors Corporation (GM) which had been the leading car and truck manufacturer had been experiencing declining market share and facing stiff competition from both U.S manufacturers and foreign imports such as the Asian auto producers that included Toyota, Honda and Nissan. The main reason for increased foreign competition was that foreign cars were more fuel efficient, smaller, lessRead MoreAcme Communications Essay1543 Words   |  7 PagesSTUDY Identifying the Problems ACME Communications Equipment, Inc. appears to have a number of issues within their supply chain. ACME has one problem that is described as â€Å"considerable annoyance† to customers, their flawed order system. This is a huge issue that needs particular attention as the ordering process correlates directly with other problems ACME is facing. We will address this issue and others and attempt to correct the problems noticed. The order management system represents theRead MoreSupply Chain Management And Operation Management1374 Words   |  6 Pages1) Definition of the scope Supply chain management and operation management have become integral components as far as organizational competitiveness is concerned. This paper will begin by offering a literature review about supply chain management and operations management. Then, the paper will explore various issues within the Airbus company and analyze the identified issues by apply SCOM concept. The paper will also identify specific best/worst practices in the Aerospace industry before offering

Thursday, December 12, 2019

Challenges Faced by Darwin Taxi Company Free-Sample for Students

Question: Think about the Organisation where you Currently Work if you do not currently have a job, think of an Organisation where you have worked or would like to work and Identify two Major Challenges the Organisation is likely to Face in the Future. Answer: Introduction. Darwin Radio Taxi is located in Australia, Darwin owned. The company has a fleet of 90 cars, some of which can carry seven passengers. They also have taxis that are accessible by taxi users and operate 24/7.All the taxis contain Eftpos facilities. Currently, they have a mobile app for online bookings. The company has been around for over 6o years and are committed to providing stellar customer service (Tourismtopend 2017). The company has the risk of facing technological and Employee engagement challenges in the Future. Potential Challenges that Darwin Taxi Company Faces Technological Challenges Technology usually affects how people in an organization work. Darwin Taxis faces risks associated with computerization. Computers affect how we work and affect how tasks are designed and performed. One of the challenges is Internet of things. There are more powerful and affordable sensors that are creating smarter devices.Darwin Taxis faces the challenge of understanding which devices to use and how to exploit them for the benefit of expanding the company (Karena 2014). There is also the challenge of self-driving cars. As the years go by, many countries are taking up this technology. This will affect the employees of the company, as self-driving cars will take over their jobs. Some of the drivers are not technologically savvy. Some of the limitations include cancellation of rides, not understanding directions on the map or the customers location. This puts Darwin Taxi at the risk of losing some customers. Some drivers are also not loyal to particular companies. Since the technology is rapidly changing and taxi companies are contracting drivers rather than hiring them, some drivers work for two or more companies. These drivers, therefore, search for customers on multiple applications and also demand more. The taxi-app usually computes fares, but Darwin faces the risk of some drivers demanding extra money hence making customers shy off from using them (Kedia, 2016). Another technological challenge that Darwin Taxi faces is the unreliability of Google maps. Some data is outdated and hence may give wrong directions. Estimated journey time may also be inaccurate. This affects customers and leads to waste of time as multiple phone calls have to be made. Darwin taxi also faces the risk of high data charges encountered by its drivers. There is no Wi-Fi on the road and drivers have to use a lot of data. Internet speeds may also affect service. Connections have to be good otherwise; Darwin Taxi faces the risk of losing customers when drivers are unable to locate them. The company also faces the risk of fraud as customers are also very tech-savvy and some of them can take advantage and use international data to earn a lot of free rides. Technology also comes with security issues. Darwin Taxi faces the risk of systems being hacked through the internet. It can become a reputational issue, for example, if customers credit cards are hacked while using the companys system (Lin, 2015). Mobile payment is a technological initiative that is being taken up. Darwin Taxi faces a challenge on mobile payments as one-touch mobile payment applications usually store a customers credit card and financial details. Consumers are therefore afraid of their information being intercepted. Darwin Taxi, therefore, faces the risk of ensuring stringent procedures of financial security. Some people consider mobile phones as insecure and prefer to stick to credit cards. Some of the older populations also use older phones that do not have applications (Feinstein, 2015). Employee Engagement Challenges Darwin Taxi Services faces employee engagement challenges. Being a taxi company, communication is a key challenge, and the company, therefore, faces the risk of not being able to engage its employees effectively. Communication means like emails and newsletters are not effective in such a setup as drivers are on the road most of the time. It is a great challenge to engage these employees. Employees should also be able to engage with their peers, superiors, and subordinates. Ideas should be shared among employees. Darwin faces a great challenge due to the nature of the companys work. It gets difficult to come up with viable engagement mechanisms that incorporate all the employees (Gingras, 2015). Darwin Taxi faces a challenge of employee motivation and recognition. They need to know how to motivate and recognize employees who are performing well. They also need to come up with motivational packages that will be applied cross-board to be able to engage employees more. Recognition can be formal or informal. Formal recognition can be years of service recognition, employee of-the-month initiatives. Informal recognition Includes such initiatives as thank you cards (Turley 2015). .Darwin Taxi faces the challenge of implementing such programs effectively. Darwin Taxi faces the challenge of developing new employee skills and capabilities.This should be done through training. Employees should constantly be trained and given opportunities to grow. The company also faces the challenge of performance management and ensuring high productivity. These are also related to training and development (Turley 2015). Darwin should also think about how to develop a healthy organizational culture. There should be a great level of openness and exchange of thoughts and ideas. This provides a win-win situation for the employer and the employee. Positive relationships at the workplace should be enhanced (Employer 2015). Darwin should come up with ways of making its employees feel happy and comfortable. Strategic HRM and how it can be applied by Darwin Taxi Company Strategic Human Resource Management involves linking the organizations strategic need with an effective workforce while meeting the needs of the customer. Strategies may be developed at the corporate level, functional level or the business level. Human resource strategies should be mutually consistent and should reflect the overall companys strategy (Kumara Anam 2014). The strategy implementation involves various steps: The first step will be Environmental Analysis. Darwin Taxi Company should perform an environmental analysis to identify threats and opportunities. The company should look at market trends to note the changes in industry, legislation, and policies. The company will look at the taxi industry and identify the current industry trends among its competitors regarding technology and employee engagement (Sikora Ferris 2014). They will also look at legislation and policies regarding technologies that can be applied to the company and any human resource policies that affect its workforce. Darwin will be able to identify weaknesses of its current technology and threats that may affect it. The company will identify what the weaknesses of its mobile application, payment systems used by customers, dispatching system and GPS tracking system are. It can also use the environmental analysis to identify threats like new technology that may render their application obsolete, any potential threats to th eir online booking system and any hacking threats to their system. Regarding employee engagement, the company will be able to identify weaknesses concerning recruitment and selection, motivation, productivity, and performance (Kramar 2014). It will also identify factors that are a threat to employee engagement, for example, cultural barriers and lack of communication The next step will be for the company to look at its organizational mission and goals analysis. Darwin Taxi Company will look at its current mission and goals regarding technology and employee engagement. The goals may include satisfaction of employees, how to attain efficiency using technology and how to adapt to the environment. Darwin Taxi Companys definition of its mission will affect the human resource strategies. The company will look at its goals and determine if they talk about any future technological plans and also employee engagement methods (Paille, Chen.Boiral Jin 2014). This way, they will be able to determine any gaps. Darwin Taxi Company then takes a look at its organizational strengths and Culture. Darwin will only be able to come up with Human Resource strategies regarding technology and employee engagement when they scrutinize their strengths and weaknesses and current culture. The HR department of Darwin should know the organizational character and then determine which objectives to put in place to fit into this efficiently. The company will come up with its strengths in technology and how it engages employees. It will also be able to look at its technological culture and employee engagement culture (Amberg McGaughey 2016). The company will then analyze its organizational Strategies. They will look into current strategies regarding technology and employee engagement. This will help them to identify what is working and what is not working for the company. Under this, they can consider service differentiation strategy. This will involve comparing their technology to those of other taxi companies in Darwin and determining how they can get a superior technology. They can also employ focus strategy and come up with a way to offer exemplary service to its customers through the use of technology (Hill, JonesSchilling 2014). Analysis of strategies will involve Darwin Taxi examining each strategic option for viability. Any strategic option that may seem unsuitable must be discarded. Strategies that are viable should be scrutinized and implemented. In formulating strategies, Darwin Taxi will follow some steps. They will need to plan for human resources. They will do a job analysis of the current jobs, i.e., drivers, dispatchers, and all other employees in the organization. They will look at the behaviors of these jobs and performance standards that are expected. These will enable them to come up with effective human resource plans to facilitate planning of training. These plans should consider the technological and employee engagement challenges. Training should, therefore, involve Darwins employees being trained on the current technology and enabling them to embrace engagement. The company will then need to attract the right human resources. Darwin company should ensure that any new employees coming in ar e the right ones (Herd Alsgaraja 2016). In this case, employees should have knowledge about technology and should be highly motivated and embrace engagement. Darwin should then place, develop and evaluate its human resources to suit its future technological and employee engagement needs. They should do training need analysis for the whole company to identify gaps regarding technology training and also training that will enable effective employee engagement. Career planning should also be implemented so that employees are ready to perform effectively. Performance appraisals must also be done. All these things will assist the company in moving forward. Involving employees will also help to engage them effectively, and they can identify challenges facing the organizations and come up with solutions. The company should then come up with ways of motivating Employees. The employees of Darwin must be compensated accordingly when they perform well. There must also be an enabling environment for motivation to take place (Andries Czarnitzki 2014). Darwin Taxi Company must then strive to maintain high performance. All staff must be encouraged to contribute maximumly regarding technology advancements that the company can make and how better employees feel they can be engaged. Employee relations should be put in place by ensuring there is effective communication throughout the organization; there are counseling systems and effective disciplinary procedures (Kramar 2014). There should be effective union-management relations Darwin Taxi Companys final step will be to review and evaluate its Human Resource Strategies. The company will have to do a periodic examination of external factors that affect the organization keeps changing. Internal factors like processes and procedures also keep changing. Program evaluation should also be implemented, as this will give important feedback to the company that will help it to evaluate its success or even failure (Kramar 2014). The company will evaluate whether the strategies that will affect technology and employee engagement are working.It will keep reviewing these strategies depending on environmental factors Darwin Taxi companies should implement the strategic human resources management model, as it will help the company identify the challenges it is facing. Since the model will involve looking at all aspects of the company, the company can do a thorough and deep analysis and come up with the most effective strategies (Sikora Ferris 2014). This will help the company regarding growth and gain a competitive advantage as strategies will be up to date. The Human Resources Department of Darwin Taxi Company should, therefore, make this a priority, as it will be of great importance in catapulting the company forward. References Amberg, J.J., and McGaughey, S.L., 2016. Strategic human resource management and inertia in the corporate entrepreneurship of a multinational enterprise. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, pp.1-35. Andries, P. and Czarnitzki, D., 2014. Small firm innovation performance and employee involvement. Small Business Economics, 43(1), pp.21-38. The employer, N.d .5 Keys to mastering employee engagement. Available From https://theundercoverrecruiter.com/elements-master-employee-engagement/ [27 April 2015] Feinstein, E 2015.Four Main Challenges Facing Mobile Payments. https://blog.directpay.online/four-main-challenges-in-mobile-payments [15 October 2015] Gingras, M, 2015.Five Employee Engagement Challenges. Available From https://www.business2community.com/human-resources/five-employee-engagement-challenges-01130488#6Rlmomp2RFfbAfUm.99 [20 January 2015] Herd, A. and Alagaraja, M., 2016. Strategic Human Resource Development Alignment: Conceptualization from the. Bridging the Scholar-Practitioner Gap in Human Resources Development, p.85. Hill, C.W., Jones, G.R. and Schilling, M.A., 2014. Strategic management: theory: an integrated approach. Engage Learning. Karena, C 2014.Top technology challenges for 2015. https://www.smh.com.au/it-pro/business-it/top-technology-challenges-for-2015--part-1-20141217-129912.html 18 December 2014 Kedia, 2016, What are the main problems with cab hailing services like Uber (in India) and Ola that they need to fix? https://www.quora.com/What-are-the-main-problems-with-cab-hailing-services-like-Uber-in-India-and-Ola-that-they-need-to-fix [15 July 2016] Kramar, R., 2014. Beyond strategic human resource management: is sustainable human resource management the next approach? The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 25(8), pp.1069-1089. Kumari, K. and Alam, A., 2014. Strategic human resource management: creating and managing tomorrow's workforce. International Journal of Management, IT and Engineering, 4(7), pp.1-13. Lin, K 2015. The three Biggest Technical Challenges Facing Growing Companies. https://www.inc.com/ken-lin/the-3-biggest-technical-challenges-facing-growing-companies.html 10 Sep 2015 Paill, P., Chen, Y., Boiral, O. and Jin, J., 2014. The impact of human resource management on environmental performance: An employee-level study. Journal of Business Ethics, 121(3), pp.451-466. Sikora, D.M., and Ferris, G.R., 2014. Strategic human resource practice implementation: The critical role of line management. Human Resource Management Review, 24(3), pp.271-281. Tourismtopend, 2017. About Darwin Taxi. Available From https://www.tourismtopend.com.au/travel-a-maps/getting-around/darwin-region/darwin-radio-taxis [6th April 2017] Turley, C 2015.The 8 Elements Of Employee Engagement. Available from https://blog.achievers.com/2015/09/8-elements-employee-engagement/ [10 September 2015]

Thursday, December 5, 2019

Ebooks Are Inferior to Real Books free essay sample

Good evening chairperson, ladies and gentleman. It is one thing to down load an eBooks and read it at your convenience but is this experience the same as lying out on the beach reading the latest publication from your favourite novelist with the worry of the device failing | 2. Your expensive device may be stolen while you’re in the surf or sand could enter your devices interface. Ladies and Gentlemen reading from an eBook is simply not the same as reading from a physical printed book as all electronic devices are subject to failures. 3. The topic before us this evening is that â€Å"eBooks are inferior to real books† Not one member of the affirmative team will deny that eBooks have been a great innovation however there are many disadvantages associated with the use of eBooks which would support our team’s argument that traditional books are superior and therefore by definition eBooks are inferior. | 4. We as the Affirmative team define eBooks as electronic copies of books, usually read through an e-reader or computer and real books as physical printed paper copies of books. Tonight we will be discussing this on two key levels: I will discuss the social aspects and my second speaker Tom will address the disadvantages of eBooks from an economic perspective. | 5. Firstly I will address the inferior qualities of eBooks with regard to them denigrating the culture of reading and secondly the notion that print books promote a more holistic and equitable circumstance for people to have a greater access to literature both contemporary and traditional. | 6. Now to my first point, addressing print books and their significant contribution towards promoting a culture of reading. E-Readers are far less capable of presenting artistic illustrations in the same capacity as real books. | 7. Very complex, design-heavy books such as comics do not translate well into eBook format, and in many cases people in possession of older e-reader devices, fail to support all of the technologically advanced features that are included within newly released eBooks and e-readers. | 8. Ladies and Gentleman how are we to cultivate a love for books with future generations if all we have access to is unexciting and uninteresting, dull, black and white text. Think of the long held reading traditions which families employ when raising their children. | 9. Young children will always be interested in beautiful three dimensional illustrations adorned in colour and exciting imagery, not walls of text. The artistic value and interactivity of the children’s books we grew up with is something you certainly cannot replicate with an e-reader. | 10. This is a crucial part of the culture of reading that can and will engage our youth in reading from an early age. For centuries book lovers have enjoyed browsing the shelves in a book store, reading the blurbs and thumbing through the illustrations. This is an important part of the culture of reading, a culture promoted by print books and a culture degraded by eBooks. | 11. This is further vindicated as statistics from over 250 000 surveys conducted by Amazon have revealed that 55% precent of e-books purchased from the kindle or amazon online catalogue have been planned purchases and only 5% of buyers have actually browsed the online catalogue like you would in a real bookstore. | 12. Print books are often utilised for decorative purposes in a home. They can define ones interests’ and even a person’s profession, for example doctors and lawyers often have large libraries of books in their homes. Furthermore print books are often culturally and historically significant for various reasons, can form part of collections, or represent sentimental significance. Ebooks do not have that same utility. | 13. According to Jan Noyes and Kate Garland’s scientific report released in 2008 addressing the cognitive advantages and disadvantages of eBooks; it was discovered that screen reading was found to increase stress and exhaustion levels. Finally, the technology of an e-book can also prove to be a disincentive for prospective readers. | 14. Add to these, the health issues of eye strain, the anxiety of worrying about battery life, damaging the screen of a reading device, its lack of portability in extreme or remote environments, problems of viruses and software bugs and the incompatibility of formats across devices are not issues that the reader of traditional books encounter. | 15. RSI and long periods looking at a screen, plus the possibility that an e-book can be hacked and edited so that the original text could be censored or lack authenticity thus creating several more reasons why e-books can turn people off reading. | 16. All of these significant points refer to the culture of reading which is vital to society as we know it. This now brings me to my second argument that print books promote a more holistic and equitable circumstance for people to have a greater access to literature both contemporary and traditional. | 17. EBooks are often a non-inclusive medium as it is a significant financial investment for individuals to purchase an E-reader. It is difficult for people without substantial financial means to make that investment when their primary focus is directed at providing for their families and their needs. | 18. Traditional books are always more accessible to the general public, in many cases through a library. Libraries provide a free and easy way for people of all socio-economic backgrounds to access books of all varieties and in addition libraries can be accessed locally as there is one in most suburbs. 19. Also, opportunities to read are enhanced because books are a tangible asset that can be easily exchanged, passed on from generation to generation and discarded for other people to pick up cheaply at fetes, book fairs and second hand bookshops. | 20. They are also a valuable resource to be collected and donated to institutions, waiting rooms, schools and third world countries. In other wo rds making them accessible to the general population. Ladies and Gentleman you cannot do this with an eBook! | 21. The reliance of e-books on technology conjures the frightening prospect of a world without literature, recorded historical data, in fact, all of the knowledge and entertainment that is currently held in the traditional manuscript of books and digital media. | 22. What happens if the gadgets and software we need to decode e-books malfunctions, there is a lack of electricity or our digital world collapses? We need traditional books to protect future access to reading for everyone. | 23. Tonight Ladies and gentleman I have argued the social aspects of why eBooks are most definitely inferior to real books. 24. My first point tonight detailed how print books significantly contribute towards promoting a culture of reading whereas eBooks damage that culture and my second point addressed how print books, through libraries promote a more holistic and unified circumstance where it is much easier for people who have less, to gain a greater access to more. | 25. Ladies and gentleman when DVDâ₠¬â„¢s came out people thought that would be the end of cinema. There will always be a place for real books and if eBooks are such remarkable products why are we still publishing books? Comparing e-readers to books is similar to comparing a modern contemporary rock song to a cover, which is never as good as the original. | 26. Every now and again you might get a cover version of a song that is perceived as better than the original but generally speaking more often than not the cover is never as good as the original. You can manipulate it and improve it but when it all comes down to the crunch it is the original that stands the test of time. The same is true for the traditional book which will pass the test of time. |